Phased implementation of an antimicrobial stewardship program for a large community hospital system.
Am J Infect Control. 2018 Aug 03;:
Authors: Burgess LH, Miller K, Cooper M, Moody J, Englebright J, Septimus E
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial stewardship is recommended as a crucial mechanism to reduce the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. The purpose of this article was to describe implementation of antimicrobial management programs (AMPs) across a large health system of community hospitals.
METHODS: The initiative was structured in 4 phases. Although each phase was implemented sequentially, facilities could progress at their own pace. Phase goals needed to be met before moving to the next phase. The 4 phases included preparatory, foundational, clinical care optimization, and refinement. A survey was administered prior to the initiative in 2010, and modified surveys were administered in 2015 and 2017.
RESULTS: Stewardship activities improved in most areas of the AMP initiative in 2015, with substantial improvement by 2017. Important changes included an increase in established programs, from 82% in 2010 to 88% and 96% in 2015 and 2017, respectively. Physician Champions increased from 73% in 2010 to 94% in 2017. Advances were made in the use of evidence-based treatment recommendations, antibiogram development, prospective audit and feedback for antimicrobials, tracking of antibiotic usage metrics, and a cost reduction of 40% from baseline.
CONCLUSION: A well-designed, phased approach to implementing AMP can help community hospitals and hospital systems recognize substantial clinical and financial benefits.
PMID: 30082089 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]