Tocilizumab as an add-on therapy to glucocorticoids during the first 3?months of treatment of Giant cell arteritis: A prospective study.

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Tocilizumab as an add-on therapy to glucocorticoids during the first 3 months of treatment of Giant cell arteritis: A prospective study.

Eur J Intern Med. 2018 Jul 24;:

Authors: Samson M, Devilliers H, Ly KH, Maurier F, Bienvenu B, Terrier B, Charles P, Guillevin L, Besancenot JF, Liozon E, Fauchais AL, Loffroy R, Binquet C, Audia S, Seror R, Mariette X, Bonnotte B

Abstract
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate tocilizumab (TCZ) as an add-on therapy to glucocorticoids (GC) during the first 3 months of treatment of giant cell arteritis (GCA).
METHODS: GCA patients, as defined by ≥3/5 ACR criteria and positive temporal artery biopsy (TAB) or angio-CT-scan or PET-scan-proven aortitis, were included in this prospective open-label study. Prednisone was started at 0.7 mg/kg/day and then tapered according to a standardized protocol. All patients received four infusions of TCZ (8 mg/kg/4 weeks) after inclusion. The primary endpoint was the percentage of patients in remission with ≤0.1 mg/kg/day of prednisone at week 26 (W26). Patients were followed for 52 weeks and data prospectively recorded.
RESULTS: Twenty patients with a median (IQR) age of 72 (69-78) years were included. TAB were positive in 17/19 (90%) patients and 7/16 (44%) had aortitis. Remission was obtained in all cases. At W26, 15 (75%) patients met the primary endpoint. Ten patients experienced relapse during follow-up, mainly patients with aortitis (P = 0.048), or CRP >70 mg/L (P = 0.036) or hemoglobin ≤10 g/dL (P = 0.015) at diagnosis. Among 64 adverse events (AE) reported in 18 patients, three were severe and 30, mostly non-severe infections (n = 15) and hypercholesterolemia (n = 8), were imputable to the study.
CONCLUSION: This study shows that an alternative strategy using a short-term treatment with TCZ can be proposed to spare GC for the treatment of GCA. However, 50% of patients experienced relapse during the 9 months following TCZ discontinuation, especially patients with aortitis, or CRP > 70 mg/L or Hb ≤ 10 g/dL at diagnosis.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT01910038).

PMID: 30054122 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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