Prognostic ability of quick-SOFA across different age groups of patients with suspected infection outside the intensive care unit: A cohort study.

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Prognostic ability of quick-SOFA across different age groups of patients with suspected infection outside the intensive care unit: A cohort study.

J Crit Care. 2018 Jul 07;47:178-184

Authors: Ramos JGR, da Hora Passos R, Teixeira MB, Gobatto ALN, Coutinho RVDS, Caldas JR, da Guarda SF, Ribeiro MP, Batista PBP

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: Sepsis identification in older patients is challenging. We evaluated the performance of qSOFA across different age groups of patients with suspected infection outside the intensive care unit (ICU).
METHODS: Retrospective cohort in a tertiary hospital in Brazil, from January 2016 to December 2016. Outcomes were hospital mortality, ICU admission and bacteremia. Performance of qSOFA was compared over three age groups: (1) reference: ≤65 years, (2) old: 65 to 79 years and (3) very old: ≥80 years.
RESULTS: There were 420 patients in the study, of which 259 (61.7%) were ≤65 years, 80 (19%) were 65 to 79 years and 81 (19.3%) were ≥80 years. Old and very old patients had higher qSOFA scores and lower SIRS scores. Overall, qSOFA ≥2 was associated to hospital mortality [OR (95% CI) = 5.8 (3.3-10.4), p < 0.001], ICU admission [OR (95% CI) = 2.7 (1.6-4.6), p < 0.001] and bacteremia [OR (95% CI) = 3.1 (1.7-5.8), p < 0.001]. Those associations were stronger in old and very old patients. qSOFA and SIRS demonstrated overall AUROCs for hospital mortality of 0.72 and 0.50, respectively.
CONCLUSION: qSOFA demonstrated good overall accuracy and was more strongly associated to outcomes in old and very old patients, when compared to younger patients.

PMID: 30005305 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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