Exploring ways to improve CDI outcomes.
Med Mal Infect. 2018 Feb;48(1):10-17
Authors: Galpérine T, Guery B, French Group of Fecal Microbiota Transplantation (GFTF)
Clostridium difficile is an anaerobic spore-forming Gram-positive bacillus recognized as an evolving international health problem. Metronidazole and vancomycin were - until recently - the only drugs available to treat C. difficile infection (CDI). Better knowledge of the pathophysiology and the development of new drugs completely modified the management of initial episodes and recurrences of CDI. Fidaxomicin significantly reduced recurrences compared with vancomycin. New drugs are also currently evaluated (cadazolid, surotomycin, ridinilazole, rifaximin). Gut microbiota homeostasis was clearly shown to be a key determinant in recurrences as demonstrated by the development of gut microbiota transplantation and alternative microbiota substitution. Passive immunotherapy and vaccinal approaches are also currently being evaluated. In conclusion, CDI treatment has evolved with the development of new therapeutic pathways which now need to be implemented in international guidelines.
PMID: 29336930 [PubMed - in process]