Interventions to decrease short-term peripheral venous catheter-related bloodstream infections. Impact on incidence and mortality.
J Hosp Infect. 2018 Jun 18;:
Authors: Saliba P, Hornero A, Cuervo G, Grau I, Jimenez E, Berbel D, Martos P, Manuel Verge J, Tebe C, María Martínez-Sánchez J, Shaw E, Gavaldà L, Carratalà J, Pujol M
BACKGROUND: Short-term peripheral venous catheters are a significant source of health-care acquired bloodstream infections and a preventable cause of death.
AIM: To assess the effectiveness of interventions applied to reduce the incidence and mortality associated with short peripheral venous catheter-related bloodstream infections (PVCR-BSI).
METHODS: The intervention included continuous PVCR-BSI surveillance, implementation of preventive measures related to catheter insertion and maintenance in accordance with evidence-based recommendations and the hospital's own data, front-line staff educational campaigns, and assessment of adherence to hospital guidelines by ward rounds. A Poisson regression model was used to estimate the trend of rate per year.
FINDINGS: From January 2003 to December 2016, 227 episodes of PVCR-BSI were identified among hospitalized patients at a university hospital. Mean age: 67y (SD: +14y), 69% males and median Charlson Score: 3 (interquartile range: 2-5). Among all, Staphylococcus aureus caused 115 (50.7%) episodes. Thirty-day mortality was 13.2%. After the implementation of the intervention, incidence decreased significantly from 30 episodes (1.17 episodes/10,000 patient-days) in 2003 to eight (0.36/10,000 patient-days) in 2016. Episodes caused by S. aureus fell from 18 in 2003 (0.70/10,000 patient-days) to three in 2016 (0.14/10,000 patient-day) and mortality fell from seven cases in 2003 (0.27/10,000 patient-days) to zero in 2016 (0.00/10,000 patient-days).
CONCLUSIONS: Surveillance, implementation of a multimodal strategy and periodical assessment of healthcare personnel adherence to hospital guidelines led to a sustained reduction in PVCR-BSIs. This reduction had a major impact on S. aureus-BSI rates and associated mortality.
PMID: 29928942 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]