The Prevalence of Concomitant Deep Vein Thrombosis, Symptomatic or Asymptomatic, Proximal or Distal, in Patients With Symptomatic Pulmonary Embolism.
Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2018 Jan 01;:1076029618779143
Authors: Hirmerova J, Seidlerova J, Chudacek Z
Patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) may have symptomatic or asymptomatic concomitant deep vein thrombosis (DVT). The reported prevalence of PE-associated DVT is variable, and thus, the utility of routine testing is controversial. The aim of our study was to analyze the prevalence of DVT and the factors associated with proximal DVT/whole-leg DVT in patients with symptomatic PE. In 428 consecutive patients (mean age: 59 ± 16.4 years; 52.3% men), we performed clinical examination and complete bilateral compression ultrasound and ascertained medical history and risk factors for DVT/PE. χ2 and t tests were used. Deep vein thrombosis was found in 70.6%; proximal DVT in 49.5%. Sensitivity/specificity of DVT symptoms was 42.7%/93.7% for whole-leg DVT and 47.6%/83.3% for proximal DVT. Male gender significantly prevailed among those with whole-leg DVT and with proximal DVT (58.9% and 61.8%). Active malignancy was significantly more frequent in the patients with proximal DVT than without proximal DVT (10.4% vs 3.7%). In conclusion, the prevalence of PE-associated DVT is quite high but clinical diagnosis is unreliable. In our group, male gender and active malignancy were significantly associated with the presence of concomitant proximal DVT.
PMID: 29848045 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]