Clinical Investigation of Coagulation Markers for Early Detection of Sepsis-Induced Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation: A Single-Center, Prospective Observational Study.

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Clinical Investigation of Coagulation Markers for Early Detection of Sepsis-Induced Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation: A Single-Center, Prospective Observational Study.

Clin Appl Thromb Hemost. 2018 Jan 01;:1076029618762473

Authors: Masuda T, Shoko T, Deguchi Y

Abstract
Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) often complicates sepsis, and its early treatment is crucial for improving patient outcomes. Coagulation markers may enable earlier diagnosis of DIC. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the risk of DIC onset can be predicted using coagulation markers. Patients who showed symptoms of systemic inflammatory response syndrome ≥2 and the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score ≥2 points were investigated. All blood samples collected from the time of hospital admission to 7 days postadmission were investigated. Patients were classified according to time of DIC onset (1) no DIC group (not DIC developed), (2) pre-DIC group (DIC onset >24 hours after admission), (3) DIC group (DIC onset at time of the admission) and according to cutoff values of coagulation markers, High group and Low group. Statistical differences were analyzed by log-rank test, Kruskal-Wallis rank test, and Friedman test. A total of 107 patients were enrolled in the study. Soluble fibrin (SF), plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1, and d-dimer levels were significantly increased even under pre-DIC conditions. Japanese Association for Acute Medicine (JAAM) DIC scores increased significantly over time in the High SF group (≥31.0 µg/mL) and High PAI-1 group (≥49.0 ng/mL), while JAAM DIC scores in the Low SF group remained ≤3 until day 7. We proposed the cutoff values of SF as 31 µg/mL to detect early phase of DIC. Soluble fibrin might be useful not only to predict DIC but also to exclude a diagnosis of DIC.

PMID: 29552913 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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