Things We Do For No Reason: Neutropenic Diet.
J Hosp Med. 2018 May 30;:
Authors: Wolfe HR, Sadeghi N, Agrawal D, Johnson DH, Gupta A
For several decades, providers have routinely restricted the diets of neutropenic cancer patients by eliminating foods that might harbor pathogenic microbes to reduce infection rates. These diets, known as neutropenic or low-bacteria diets, are prescribed across the country with little uniformity in the extent or content of prescription. These diets are difficult to follow and force patients to omit fresh fruits and vegetables and limit dairy and meat products from their diet. These dietary omissions compromise nutritional intake in patients who are already at high risk of malnutrition. Randomized trials have shown that these restrictive diets are not superior in preventing infections than more liberalized diets. Evidence shows that adherence to the Safe Food-Handling guidelines issued by the Food and Drug Administration, a mandate for all hospital kitchens, provides adequate protection against food-borne infection, precluding the need for the neutropenic diet. Thus, routine use of the neutropenic diet should be abandoned.
PMID: 29813139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]