Effectiveness and Safety Comparison for Systemic Corticosteroid Therapy With and Without Inhaled Corticosteroids for COPD Exacerbation Management.
Ann Pharmacother. 2018 May 01;:1060028018777769
Authors: Pearce JA, Shiltz DL, Ding Q
BACKGROUND: Only 1 small, single-center study has evaluated the combination of systemic plus inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) routes for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation management. This study aims to further improve the existing quantity and quality of evidence regarding the utility for combination therapy in the management of COPD exacerbation.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate length of hospital stay, readmission rate, incidence of infection, and mortality in hospitalized patients who experience a COPD exacerbation and receive systemic corticosteroid therapy with or without concurrent ICS.
METHODS: Design: retrospective cohort study.
PARTICIPANTS AND SETTING: patients at least 18 years old admitted between May 31, 2015, and May 31, 2016, for an acute COPD exacerbation at any of 7 Indiana University Health system hospitals.
INTERVENTIONS: patients who received an oral or intravenous systemic corticosteroid either with or without concurrent ICS therapy.
RESULTS: This study included 241 patients. No significant difference was found between rates of 30-day readmission or inpatient mortality. Patients receiving concurrent therapy had longer lengths of stay versus those who only received systemic corticosteroid therapy (6.35 ± 3.98 vs 4.99 ± 2.89 days, P = 0.0039). Differences in the rates of antifungal use and mechanical ventilation did not statistically differ. Conclusion and Relevance: There was no significant benefit demonstrated when adding ICS to systemic corticosteroid therapy for COPD exacerbation management. These preliminary findings build on the limited evidence on how best to manage corticosteroid therapy in the inpatient setting, but a large, prospective trial remains warranted to confirm these findings given the design, size, and concern for selection bias limitations in the present study.
PMID: 29783858 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]