Is hallway care dangerous? An observational study.
Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Apr 06;:
Authors: Rixe JA, Liu JH, Breaud HA, Nelson KP, Mitchell PM, Feldman JA
OBJECTIVES: In response to crowding the use of hallway beds has become an increasingly prevalent practice in Emergency Departments (EDs). There is limited research on whether caring for patients in hallways (HP) is associated with adverse outcomes. The goal of this study was to examine the effects of HP triage on 30 day outcomes for ED return, readmission, and mortality.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study at an urban, academic ED comparing HPs (defined as HP for ≥30 min) to matched controls triaged to standard ED beds from 9/30/14 to 10/1/15. We analyzed data from the hospital's clinical data warehouse. Matched controls were selected by gender, age, ethnicity, and language. We used McNemar's test to assess the association between triage location and 30 day study outcomes. We also examined adverse outcomes by triage severity using McNemar's test.
RESULTS: A total of 10,608 HPs were matched to control patients. Compared to controls, HPs had 2.0 times the odds of returning to the ED in 30 days (95% CI: 1.8-2.1), 1.6 times the odds of inpatient readmission (95% CI: 1.4-1.9), and 1.7 times the odds of readmission to observation (95% CI: 1.4-2.0). The odds ratio for mortality in HPs versus controls was 0.80, (95% CI: 0.50-1.3).
CONCLUSIONS: Patients initially triaged to the hallway have an increased odds of 30 day return to the ED, observation and inpatient admission. After adjusting for ESI, the increased odds for return remained similar. The small sample size precluded testing effects of HP status on mortality.
PMID: 29747896 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]