Clinical impact of a Multiplex Gastrointestinal PCR Panel in Patients with Acute Gastroenteritis.
Clin Infect Dis. 2018 Apr 25;:
Authors: Cybulski RJ, Bateman AC, Bourassa L, Bryan A, Beail B, Matsumoto J, Cookson BT, Fang FC
Background: Molecular syndromic diagnostic panels can enhance pathogen identification in the approximately 2-4 billion episodes of acute gastroenteritis that occur annually worldwide. However, the clinical utility of these panels has not been established.
Methods: We conducted a prospective, multi-center study to investigate the impact of the BioFire FilmArray™ Gastrointestinal PCR panel on clinical diagnosis and decision-making and compared the clinical acuity of patients with positive results obtained exclusively with the FilmArray™ with those detected by conventional stool culture. A total of 1,887 consecutive fecal specimens were tested in parallel by FilmArray™ and stool culture. Laboratory and medical records were reviewed to determine rates of detection, turnaround times, clinical features and the nature and timing of clinical decisions.
Results: FilmArray™ detected pathogens in 35.3% of specimens, compared to 6.0% for culture. Median time from collection to result was 18h for FilmArray™ and 47h for culture. Median time from collection to initiation of antimicrobial therapy was 22h for FilmArray™ and 72h for culture. Patients diagnosed by FilmArray™ were more likely to receive targeted rather than empirical therapy, compared to those diagnosed by culture (p=0.0148). Positive STEC results were reported 47h faster with FilmArray™ and facilitated discontinuation of empirical antimicrobials. Patients diagnosed exclusively by FilmArray™ had clinical characteristics similar to those identified by culture.
Conclusions: FilmArray™ markedly improved clinical sensitivity in patients with acute diarrhea, identified cases with clinical acuity comparable to those identified by culture, and enabled clinicians to make more timely and targeted therapeutic decisions.
PMID: 29697761 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]