Asking a Variety of Questions on Walk Rounds: a Pilot Study.
J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Mar 27;:
Authors: Shields HM, Pelletier SR, Roy CL, Honan JP
BACKGROUND: Morning walk rounds have lost some of their engagement while remaining a useful and valued practice.
AIM: We created a pilot study to evaluate the impact on rounds of learning to asking a variety of different questions.
SETTING: One-hour intervention sessions were voluntarily offered to members of the Department of Medicine and taught by an expert in the question, listen, and respond method.
PARTICIPANTS: Participants included attendings and residents in Internal Medicine on medical teams.
PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: Questionnaires were collected on six pre-intervention and six post-intervention days. Nine months later, an anonymous online survey was sent to participants asking about their use of a wider variety of questions.
PROGRAM EVALUATION: Two hundred eight physicians (residents 175 (45.5%), attending physicians 25 (27.7%)) filled out pre-intervention surveys. One hundred eighty-one physicians (residents 155 (40.3%), attending physicians 18 (20%)) filled out post-intervention surveys. When survey responses from the attendings and residents on the medical teams were combined, post-intervention rounds were perceived as more worthwhile (1.99 pre-intervention and 1.55 post-intervention, [95% confidence interval 1.831-2.143]) (p < 0.001) and more engaging (1.68 pre-intervention and 1.30 post-intervention, [95% confidence interval 1.407-1.688]) (p < 0.001).Non-medical teams' survey responses did not change. Patient census data indicated no significant difference in the hospital's census on the pre- and post-intervention dates. Spontaneous suggestions for improving rounds came largely from the residents and included teaching points, clinical pearls, patient focus, more interactive, increased dedicated time for teaching, inclusive/multidisciplinary, questions, and evidence-based teaching. Of the participants who answered the online survey 9 months later, 75% (6/8) reported that they "actually asked a wider variety of types of questions."
DISCUSSION: This pilot study indicates that the 1-h intervention of learning to ask a variety of different questions is associated with rounds that are rated as more worthwhile and engaging by the medical teams.
PMID: 29589174 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]