Safe removal of gloves from contact precautions: The role of hand hygiene.
Am J Infect Control. 2018 Mar 05;:
Authors: Jain S, Clezy K, McLaws ML
BACKGROUND: Routine hand hygiene effectively removes methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and/or vancomycin resistant Enterococcus (VRE) from the ungloved hands of healthcare workers (HCWs) who are caring for patients under contact precautions, when exposure to bodily fluids is not expected.
METHODS: HCWs' ungloved hands were cultured after hand hygiene with alcohol-based hand rub (ABHR) or soap-and-water wash after routine clinical care of patients known to be colonized or infected with MRSA or VRE.
RESULTS: Two hundred forty samples from 40 HCWs were tested and found to be culture negative for either MRSA or VRE after contact with patients when 3 pumps of ABHR (0/80) or plain soap-and-water wash (0/80) were used. No VRE was observed in any of the 120 samples collected. Two plates (2/40) grew 1 colony-forming unit of MRSA after 2 pumps of ABHR. Two HCWs with positive plates were cultured negative on retesting.
CONCLUSION: We showed that appropriate hand hygiene was effective in removing MRSA and VRE even when gloves were not used for routine clinical care, despite contact with patients known to be colonized with MRSA or VRE. A modified approach to glove use for dry contact with patients on contact precautions might improve patient safety within healthcare settings.
PMID: 29519650 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]