Combined Assessment of the Red Cell Distribution Width and B-type Natriuretic Peptide: A More Useful Prognostic Marker of Cardiovascular Mortality in Heart Failure Patients.

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Combined Assessment of the Red Cell Distribution Width and B-type Natriuretic Peptide: A More Useful Prognostic Marker of Cardiovascular Mortality in Heart Failure Patients.

Intern Med. 2018 Feb 09;:

Authors: Kawasoe S, Kubozono T, Ojima S, Miyata M, Ohishi M

Abstract
Objective An increased red cell distribution width (RDW) has been reported to be associated with adverse outcomes in patients with heart failure (HF). This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic power of the combined measurement of RDW and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations in patients with HF. Methods and Results We retrospectively studied 116 patients (mean age, 63.7±14.3 years) who were admitted for the treatment of HF. Data including demographic information, vital signs, and laboratory and echocardiographic measurements at admission were collected from medical records. The observational period was defined as the number of days from hospitalization, and the study endpoint was defined as cardiovascular death. The mean RDW and BNP concentration at admission were 14.5±2.0% and 626±593 pg/mL, respectively. During a median observation period of 1046 days, 22 patients died of cardiovascular disease. A univariate Cox proportional hazard analysis revealed that both RDW [hazard ratio (HR) 1.252, p = 0.0391] and BNP (HR 1.001, p = 0.0445) were significant prognostic indices for cardiovascular death. A receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed that the optimal cut-off RDW and BNP values for cardiovascular death were 14.9% and 686 pg/mL, respectively. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve revealed that the survival rate of patients with both RDW ≥ 14.9% and BNP ≥ 686 pg/mL showed the poorest prognosis in comparison to the patients in the other groups. Conclusion The combined assessment of the RDW and BNP concentrations may be useful for predicting mortality in patients with HF.

PMID: 29434163 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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