Efficacy and safety of plecanatide in treating constipation predominant irritable bowel syndrome.
Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2018 Jan 29;:1-7
Authors: Miner PB
INTRODUCTION: Uroguanylin interacting with intestinal Guanylate Cyclase C (GC-C) receptors plays an important role in gastrointestinal fluid and electrolyte homeostasis. Plecanatide is the first uroguanylin analog that stimulates GC-C receptors on gastrointestinal mucosa with pH-sensitive receptor binding. Binding to the GC-C receptor activates intracellular conversion of GTP to cGMP resulting in the stimulation of intestinal fluid secretion. Areas covered: Herein, all published research regarding the development of and clinical experience with plecanatide is reviewed. Clinical study results in patients with Chronic Idiopathic Constipation (CIC) and Irritable Bowel Syndrome with Constipation (IBS-C) are also reviewed. Success in the treatment of CIC and IBS-C is supported by beneficial effects on stool viscosity, Complete Spontaneous Bowel Movements and visceral sensation. Finally, the discussion within focuses on the importance of plecanatide in understanding the physiology of uroguanylin, the pathophysiology of IBS-C and the potential for development of uroguanylin and guanylin analogs. Expert opinion: Given this broad spectrum of potential activity for GC-C agonists, it would not be surprising to see that the use of agents such as plecanatide in new areas grow to a level even greater than the use for the present CIC and IBS-C indications.
PMID: 29376436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]