Venous thromboembolism: role of pharmacists and managed care considerations.
Am J Manag Care. 2017 Dec;23(20 Suppl):S391-S398
Authors: Horner T, Mahan CE
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) includes deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Anticoagulation is used in patients with VTE to reduce the risk of recurrent VTE and VTE-related death. The overall incidence of VTE is 1 to 2 per 1000 person-years. Long-term mortality for patients with VTE is poor, with 25% of patients not surviving 7 days and nearly 40% not surviving the first year. Coagulation disorders demand effective anticoagulant therapy to avoid complications, especially recurrent VTE and VTE-related death. For more than 60 years, warfarin has been the cornerstone of therapy for patients requiring anticoagulation and was the sole oral anticoagulant available in the United States until 2010. Since then, the FDA has approved 5 direct-acting oral anticoagulants (DOACs) that inhibit single coagulation factors (factor Xa and thrombin). DOACs provide predictable anticoagulation with fixed dosing, easier perioperative management, no routine laboratory monitoring, and fewer food-drug interactions. However, when choosing DOACs, clinicians must consider several issues in addition to efficacy and safety before employing these therapies, including patient-specific factors, adherence and persistence with therapy, and their cost-effectiveness for clinical use.
PMID: 29297662 [PubMed - in process]