Efficacy and safety of ultrasound guided percutaneous glue embolization in iatrogenic haemorrhagic complications of paracentesis and thoracocentesis in cirrhotic patients.
Br J Radiol. 2018 Jan;91(1081):20170259
Authors: Mukund A, Kumar Dp V, Condati NK, Bhadoria AS, Sarin SK
OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of ultrasound guided percutaneous glue (N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate) embolization with transarterial embolization in the management of iatrogenically injured arteries while performing paracentesis or thoracocentesis in patients with chronic liver disease.
METHODS: Hospital database was searched for cirrhotic patients having abdominal/thoracic wall haemorrhage following paracentesis/thoracocentesis procedure from January 2011 to June 2016. Doppler ultrasound and/or CT angiography were used to localize the site of haemorrhage and patients were treated by transarterial embolization or ultrasound-guided percutaneous glue embolization. Technical success was defined as cessation of haemorrhage as evidenced by angiography/Doppler ultrasound and clinical success was evaluated in terms of stabilization of the vital signs without the need for further transfusion or pressors, and survival. In both groups, the time to "imaging diagnosis of haemorrhage" and "successful embolization" with the outcome was analysed.
RESULTS: 23 cirrhotic patients had bleeding following a percutaneous procedure, 8 (Group 1) of them underwent transarterial embolization while 15 (Group 2) underwent ultrasound-guided percutaneous glue embolization. Mean time needed for embolization in Group 1 was 41 min while in Group 2 was 9 min (p < 0.001). Technical success was achieved in all but one case requiring repeat glue embolization. Initial clinical improvement was noted in all cases but the 30-day mortality owing to all causes was not significantly different between treatment groups.
CONCLUSION: The study and its outcome suggest that ultrasound guided percutaneous glue embolization is a quick and effective treatment for iatrogenic haemorrhage following paracentesis/thoracocentesis in cirrhotic patients with comparable results to transarterial embolotherapy. Advances in knowledge: This study details an innovative technique of ultrasound guided percutaneous glue embolization of the iatrogenically injured vessel in the management of active extravasation and pseudoaneurysm developing after paracentesis/thoracocentesis in patients with cirrhosis.
PMID: 29072497 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]