Evaluation of Corticosteroid Dose in Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
Hosp Pharm. 2017 Sep;52(8):546-550
Authors: Hemenway AN, Terry AM
Background: Several recent studies have shown that both lower doses and shorter durations of systemic corticosteroids have similar efficacy for treatment of acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). However, each trial has limitations that constrain direct applicability to a US hospital population. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine whether, in a US community hospital, low doses of corticosteroids provide the lowest risk of adverse effects without increasing length of stay or readmission rate. Methods: A single-center retrospective cohort was performed using patients meeting criteria for AECOPD. Primary endpoints included length of hospitalization, proportion of patients with >30% increase in blood glucose from baseline, and rate of 30-day readmission; multivariable regression analysis was used for comparison. The 3 inpatient cumulative dose range groups were low: ≤250-mg prednisone equivalents, medium: 251 to 500 mg, and high: ≥501 mg. Results: A total of 665 records were evaluated, with 369 records included. As the corticosteroid dose ranges increased, there were more patients with increased blood glucose (33.3%, 54.4%, 59.9%). When holding all other factors constant, there was a statistically significant increase in patients with elevated blood glucose with the medium- and high-dose groups as compared with the low-dose group (P < .009, P < .001), the average length of stay was 21.3 hours higher in the high-dose group as compared with the low-dose group (P < .001), and there were no significant differences in readmission rates between the dose groups. Conclusions: The lowest dose range of corticosteroids was associated with the lowest rate of impaired blood glucose without a statistically significant increase in length of stay or readmission rate.
PMID: 29276287 [PubMed - in process]