Impact of Acute Infection Requiring Hospitalization on Tacrolimus Blood Levels in Kidney Transplant Recipients.

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Impact of Acute Infection Requiring Hospitalization on Tacrolimus Blood Levels in Kidney Transplant Recipients.

Transplant Proc. 2017 Nov;49(9):2065-2069

Authors: Percy C, Hassoun Z, Mourad M, De Meyer M, Beguin C, Jadoul M, Goffin E, Wallemacq P, Kanaan N

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Tacrolimus is metabolized by members of the cytochrome p450 3A subfamily, and its bioavailability depends also on P-glycoprotein. We have observed that some patients admitted for infection presented with increased tacrolimus trough levels (TLs). The aim of the study was to assess the impact of infection on tacrolimus TLs and to determine the factors involved in TL fluctuations.
METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients transplanted with a kidney between 2009 and 2011 who were hospitalized for an acute infection. Tacrolimus TLs and dosages were recorded before hospitalization, at admission, and 1 month after discharge. Increased levels of tacolimus were defined as TL 25% higher on admission than those recorded at the last visit before hospitalization.
RESULTS: Seventy-seven patients were hospitalized 138 times for infection. More than two thirds of first hospitalizations occurred during the first post-transplant year. Causes of hospitalization were urinary (33%), cytomegalovirus (27%), digestive (15%), and pulmonary (12%) infections. Thirty-five percent of kidney transplant recipients had increased tacrolimus TLs (27/77 patients) in 24% of the hospitalizations (34/138). In 34 hospitalizations occurring in 27 patients, TL at admission was ≥25% compared with the last visit before admission. Comparing these 34 hospitalizations with the other 104, no significant differences were noted, except for a greater fraction of digestive infections in the group with elevated tacrolimus TLs, independent of diarrhea occurrence.
CONCLUSIONS: Up to 35% of kidney transplant recipients admitted for acute infection present with high tacrolimus TLs, requiring a dose reduction. How acute infection precisely affects metabolism and bioavailability of tacrolimus remains to be investigated.

PMID: 29149962 [PubMed - in process]

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