Betrixaban: a direct oral inhibitor of activated factor X for the prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism in patients hospitalized for acute medical illness.
Drugs Today (Barc). 2017 Aug;53(8):423-434
Authors: Escolar G, Díaz-Ricart M, Arellano-Rodrigo E
Venous thromboembolism (VTE), comprising deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, is a serious clinical and public health concern. Hospitalization is a major risk factor for developing VTE. Hospital-associated events account for more than 50% of all cases of VTE. Heparins have demonstrated to be efficacious in the prevention of VTE in medically ill patients. Despite the demonstrated efficacy and safety of the available direct oral anticoagulants in the prevention and treatment of different thromboembolic conditions, their net benefit in the prevention of VTE in hospitalized medically ill patients has not been fully confirmed. Betrixaban is an oral, specific and direct inhibitor of human coagulation factor Xa with demonstrated efficacy and safety for the prevention of VTE in patients undergoing total knee replacement and in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Recent studies have successfully evaluated betrixaban 80 mg once daily in the prevention of VTE in acute medically ill patients in a large phase III trial. This review will address preclinical pharmacology and main aspects of the clinical development of betrixaban as an antithrombotic agent, with specific attention to recent studies on the prophylaxis of VTE in a specific population of patients hospitalized for acute medical illnesses.
PMID: 29119147 [PubMed - in process]