Edoxaban improves acute venous thromboembolism while preserving protein C and protein S levels.

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Edoxaban improves acute venous thromboembolism while preserving protein C and protein S levels.

J Cardiol. 2017 Oct 31;:

Authors: Yamazaki H, Yagi S, Torii Y, Amano R, Oomichi Y, Sangawa T, Fukuda D, Kadota M, Ise T, Ueno R, Hara T, Kusunose K, Matsuura T, Tobiume T, Yamaguchi K, Yamada H, Soeki T, Wakatsuki T, Akaike M, Sata M

Abstract
BACKGROUND: It is well known that warfarin inhibits the synthesis of vitamin K-dependent anticoagulants, including thrombin, protein C and S, and factor Xa, leading, paradoxically, to an initial hypercoagulable state. Edoxaban, a direct inhibitor of activated factor X is widely used for the treatment of acute venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, the effect of edoxaban on circulating coagulation factors, in patients with acute VTE, remains unknown.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We enrolled 57 patients with acute VTE with/without pulmonary embolism treated with edoxaban (n=37) or warfarin (n=20) in a clinical setting. Before treatment and 2 weeks after treatment, we evaluated thrombotic burden using ultrasound or computed tomography angiography. We also evaluated thrombin generation, represented by prothrombin fragment F1+2; thrombus degradation, represented by D-dimer; and levels of anticoagulants, including protein C, protein S, and antithrombin III. Both edoxaban and warfarin treatment improved thrombotic burden and decreased prothrombin fragment F1+2, and D-dimer. Edoxaban treatment preserved protein C and protein S levels. In contrast, warfarin decreased protein C and protein S levels. Neither treatment affected antithrombin III.
CONCLUSIONS: Edoxaban improves VTE while preserving protein C and protein S levels, thereby indicating that edoxaban improves thrombotic burden while maintaining levels of anticoagulants.

PMID: 29100817 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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