Comparison of In-Hospital Outcomes and Readmission Rates in Acute Pulmonary Embolism Between Systemic and Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis (from the National Readmission Database).

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Comparison of In-Hospital Outcomes and Readmission Rates in Acute Pulmonary Embolism Between Systemic and Catheter-Directed Thrombolysis (from the National Readmission Database).

Am J Cardiol. 2017 Nov 01;120(9):1653-1661

Authors: Arora S, Panaich SS, Ainani N, Kumar V, Patel NJ, Tripathi B, Shah P, Patel N, Lahewala S, Deshmukh A, Badheka A, Grines C

Abstract
There are sparse comparative data on in-hospital outcomes and readmission rates in patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE) who receive systemic thrombolytics versus catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT). The study cohort was derived from the National Readmission Database 2013 to 2014, subset of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Systemic and CDT were identified using appropriate International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification codes. The co-primary outcomes were in-hospital mortality and 30-day readmissions and secondary outcome was combined in-hospital mortality + gastrointestinal bleed + intracranial hemorrhage. We used propensity score match analysis without replacement using Greedy's algorithm to adjust for possible confounders. We identified a total of 4,426 patients (3,107: systemic thrombolysis and 1,319: CDT) with acute PE who were treated with thrombolysis. In our 2:1 propensity score algorithm, in-hospital mortality was lower in the CDT group (6.12%) versus systemic thrombolytics (14.94%) (odds ratio 0.37, 95% confidence interval 0.28 to 0.49, p <0.001). There was also a lower composite secondary outcome (in-hospital mortality + gastrointestinal bleed + intracranial hemorrhage) in patients who received CDT (8.42%) versus those who received systemic thrombolytics (18.13%) (odds ratio 0.41, 95% confidence interval 0.33 to 0.53, p <0.001). Thirty-day readmission was lower in patients with CDT group (7.65%) compared with systemic thrombolytics (10.58%, p = 0.009). In conclusion, in-hospital mortality, as well as bleeding during primary admission was significantly lower with CDT compared with systemic thrombolytics for patients with acute PE. There was also significant decrease in rate of readmissions among patients receiving CDT compared with systemic thrombolytics.

PMID: 28882336 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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