Impact of a COPD comprehensive case management program on hospital length of stay and readmission rates.

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Impact of a COPD comprehensive case management program on hospital length of stay and readmission rates.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2017;12:961-971

Authors: Alshabanat A, Otterstatter MC, Sin DD, Road J, Rempel C, Burns J, van Eeden SF, FitzGerald JM

BACKGROUND: COPD accounts for the highest rate of hospital admissions among major chronic diseases. COPD hospitalizations are associated with impaired quality of life, high health care utilization, and poor prognosis and result in an economic and a social burden that is both substantial and increasing.
AIM: The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of a comprehensive case management program (CCMP) in reducing length of stay (LOS) and risk of hospital admissions and readmissions in patients with COPD.
MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY: We retrospectively compared outcomes across five large hospitals in Vancouver, BC, Canada, following the implementation of a systems approach to the management of COPD patients who were identified in the hospital and followed up in the community for 90 days. We compared numbers, rates, and intervals of readmission and LOS during 2 years of active program delivery compared to 1 year prior to program implementation.
RESULTS: A total of 1,564 patients with a clinical diagnosis of COPD were identified from 2,719 hospital admissions during the 3 years of study. The disease management program reduced COPD-related hospitalizations by 30% and hospitalizations for all causes by 13.6%. Similarly, the rate of readmission for all causes showed a significant decline, with hazard ratios (HRs) of 0.55 (year 1) and 0.51 (year 2) of intervention (P<0.001). In addition, patients' mean LOS (days) for COPD-related admissions declined significantly from 10.8 to 6.8 (P<0.05).
CONCLUSION: A comprehensive disease management program for COPD patients, including education, case management, and follow-up, was associated with significant reduction in hospital admissions and LOS.

PMID: 28356728 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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