Change in Care Transition Practice for Patients with Non-Specific Chest Pain after ED Evaluation 2006-2012.

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Change in Care Transition Practice for Patients with Non-Specific Chest Pain after ED Evaluation 2006-2012.

Acad Emerg Med. 2017 Aug 18;:

Authors: Yiadom MYAB, Jenkins CA, Baugh CW, Collins SP, Bhatia MC, Dittus RS, Storrow AB

Abstract
OBJECTIVES: From 2005-2010 healthcare financing shifts in the United States may have affected care transition practices for emergency department (ED) patients with non-specific chest pain (CP) after ED evaluation. Despite being less acutely ill than those with myocardial infarction, these patients' management can be challenging. The risk of missing acute coronary syndrome is considerable enough to often warrant admission. Diagnostic advances and reimbursement limitations on the use of inpatient admission are encouraging the use of alternative ED care transition practices. In the setting of these health care changes, we hypothesized there is a decline in inpatient admission rates for patients with non-specific CP after ED evaluation.
METHODS: We retrospectively used the Nationwide ED Sample (NEDS) to quantify total and annual inpatient hospital admission rates from 2006-2012 for patients with a final ED diagnosis of non-specific CP. We assessed the change in admission rates over time, and stratified by facility characteristics including: safety-net hospital status, US geographic region, urban/teaching status, trauma-level designation, and hospital funding status.
RESULTS: The admission rate for all patients with a final ED diagnosis of non-specific CP declined from 19.2% in 2006 to 11.3% in 2012. Variability across regions was observed, while metropolitan teaching hospitals and trauma centers reflected lower admission rates.
CONCLUSION: There was a 41.1% decline in inpatient-hospital admission for patients with non-specific CP after ED evaluation. This reduction is temporally associated with national policy changes affecting reimbursement for inpatient admissions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

PMID: 28833882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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