Bridging with Tirofiban during Oral Antiplatelet Interruption: A Single-Center Case Series Analysis Including Patients on Hemodialysis.
Pharmacotherapy. 2017 Aug;37(8):888-892
Authors: Walker EA, Dager WE
INTRODUCTION: Patients requiring an interruption in dual-antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) within 6 months of cardiac stenting are at risk for thrombotic events. Bridging with short-acting intravenous antiplatelet agents has been proposed to minimize the risk of thrombotic and hemorrhagic complications.
METHODS: This retrospective analysis of a tirofiban bridging strategy did not use an initial bolus loading dose. Tirofiban infusions were initiated 24-48 hours after the last oral antiplatelet dose at a rate of 0.1 μg/kg/min (or 0.05 μg/kg/min if renal dysfunction) and continued until 4-8 hours before surgery or until DAPT could be resumed. Coprimary end points were occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and bleeding.
RESULTS: Twenty patients requiring DAPT interruption within 6 months of cardiac stenting for either a surgical procedure or who were unable to take any medications by mouth were included. The median time from stent implantation to DAPT interruption was 33 days (range 3-146 days). Two patients experienced a MACE during their hospital stay. No major bleeding events occurred; minor bleeding occurred in four patients during tirofiban therapy. Five patients in this analysis had end-stage renal disease requiring hemodialysis. Of these patients, no MACE or major bleeding events occurred.
CONCLUSIONS: This analysis observed that a tirofiban bridging strategy without an initial bolus loading dose has comparable efficacy and safety as previously published reports. A tirofiban infusion without bolus dosing may be a safe option for antiplatelet bridging in patients with a recent cardiac stent implant to prevent stent thrombosis.
PMID: 28543216 [PubMed - in process]