Causes, Timing, and Impact of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Interruption for Surgery (from the Patterns of Non-adherence to Anti-platelet Regimens In Stented Patients Registry).
Am J Cardiol. 2017 Jun 28;:
Authors: Schoos M, Chandrasekhar J, Baber U, Bhasin A, Sartori S, Aquino M, Vogel B, Farhan S, Sorrentino S, Kini A, Kruckoff M, Moliterno D, Henry TD, Weisz G, Gibson CM, Iakovou I, Colombo A, Steg PG, Witzenbichler B, Chieffo A, Cohen D, Stuckey T, Ariti C, Dangas G, Pocock S, Mehran R
Temporary interruption of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is not infrequently required in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We sought to describe the procedures and outcomes associated with DAPT interruption in patients treated with DAPT following successful PCI from the Patterns of non-adherence to anti-platelet regimens in stented patients registry (n = 5018). DAPT interruption was prespecified as physician recommended cessation for <14 days. Of the study cohort, 490 patients (9.8%) experienced 594 DAPT interruptions over 2 years following PCI. Only 1 antiplatelet agent was interrupted in 57.2% cases and interruption was frequently recommended by noncardiologists (51.3%). Where type of surgery was reported, majority of DAPT interruptions occurred for minor surgery (68.4% vs 31.6%) and a similar cessation pattern of single versus dual antiplatelet cessation was observed regardless of minor or major surgery. Subsequent to DAPT interruption, 12 patients (2.4%) experienced 1 thrombotic event each, of which 5 (1.0%) occurred during the interruption period. All events occurred in patients who either stopped both agents (8 of 12) or clopidogrel-only (4 of 12), with no events occurring due to aspirin cessation alone. In conclusion, in the Patterns of Non-adherence to Anti-platelet Regiments in Stented Patients registry, 1 in 10 patients were recommended DAPT interruption for surgery within 2 years of PCI. Interruption was more common for a single agent rather than both antiplatelet agents regardless of severity of surgery, and was frequently recommended by noncardiologists. Only 1% of patients with DAPT interruption experienced a subsequent thrombotic event during the interruption period, which mainly occurred in patients stopping both antiplatelet agents.
PMID: 28778417 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]