Current Management of Hyponatremia in Acute Heart Failure: A Report From the Hyponatremia Registry for Patients With Euvolemic and Hypervolemic Hyponatremia (HN Registry).
J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Aug 03;6(8):
Authors: Dunlap ME, Hauptman PJ, Amin AN, Chase SL, Chiodo JA, Chiong JR, Dasta JF
BACKGROUND: Hyponatremia (HN) occurs commonly in patients with acute heart failure and confers a worse prognosis. Current HN treatment varies widely, with no consensus. This study recorded treatment practices currently used for patients hospitalized with acute heart failure and HN.
METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were collected prospectively from 146 US sites on patients hospitalized with acute heart failure and HN (serum sodium concentration [Na(+)] ≤130 mEq/L) present at admission or developing in the hospital. Baseline variables, HN treatment, and laboratory values were recorded. Of 762 patients, median [Na(+)] was 126 mEq/L (interquartile range, 7) at baseline and increased to 130 mEq/L at discharge. Fluid restriction was the most commonly prescribed therapy (44%), followed by no specific HN treatment beyond therapy for congestion (23%), isotonic saline (5%), tolvaptan (4%), and hypertonic saline (2%). Median rate of change in [Na(+)] varied by treatment (0.5 [interquartile range, 1.0] to 2.3 [8.0] mEq/L/d) and median treatment duration ranged from 1 (interquartile range, 1) to 6 (5) days. Fluid restriction and no specific HN treatment resulted in similar changes in [Na(+)], and were least effective in correcting HN. Few patients (19%) had [Na(+)] ≥135 mEq/L at discharge.
CONCLUSIONS: The most commonly used treatment approaches for HN (fluid restriction and no specific treatment) in acute heart failure increased [Na(+)] minimally, and most patients remained hyponatremic at discharge.
PMID: 28775063 [PubMed - in process]