Different prevalence and clinical characteristics of asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap syndrome according to accepted criteria.

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Different prevalence and clinical characteristics of asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap syndrome according to accepted criteria.

Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2017 Jun;118(6):696-703.e1

Authors: Jo YS, Lee J, Yoon HI, Kim DK, Yoo CG, Lee CH

Abstract
BACKGROUND: A unified definition of asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap syndrome (ACOS) is not available, which makes it difficult to evaluate the prevalence and clinical features of patients with ACOS.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of ACOS according to the updated widely accepted diagnostic criteria.
METHODS: Participants were enrolled from a prospective cohort study conducted between April 2013 and November 2016 in South Korea. We adopted 4 criteria of ACOS: modified Spanish, American Thoracic Society (ATS) Roundtable criteria, the Latin American Project for the Investigation of Obstructive Lung Disease (PLATINO), and the Global Initiative for Asthma/Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GINA/GOLD) criteria. The prevalence, clinical characteristics, and exacerbations of ACOS were investigated.
RESULTS: Among 301 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, 31.3%, 11.9%, 48.3%, and 46.15% were diagnosed with ACOS according to the modified Spanish, ATS Roundtable criteria, PLATINO, and GINA/GOLD criteria, respectively. Compared with other criteria, patients with ACOS diagnosed according to the modified Spanish criteria had better exercise capacity and lung function at baseline but higher risk of moderate to severe (adjusted hazard ratio, 1.97; 95% confidence interval, 1.14-3.41; P = .01) and total (adjusted odds ratio, 2.10; 95% confidence interval, 1.33-3.31; P < .01) exacerbations during at least a 1-year follow-up period than patients without ACOS.
CONCLUSION: The prevalence of ACOS varied according to the diagnostic criteria. Among the different criteria, the modified Spanish criteria could identify patients with more asthmatic features and higher risk of exacerbation.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02527486.

PMID: 28583262 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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