Chronic complications of venous thromboembolism.
J Thromb Haemost. 2017 Aug;15(8):1531-1540
Authors: Winter MP, Schernthaner GH, Lang IM
Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a common disease (~700 per 100 000) that is associated with significant risk of recurrence, chronic complications, and substantial mortality, with reported death rates of up to 40% at 10 years. The development of novel anticoagulants has revolutionized the treatment of acute VTE, while strategies for prevention and treatment of chronic complications still seek for such a landmark change. Impaired thrombus resolution is the common denominator behind VTE complications, which are postthrombotic syndrome (PTS) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). PTS and CTEPH are associated with substantial morbidity and high healthcare expenses. While PTS occurs in up to 50% of patients after symptomatic deep vein thrombosis, only a small and poorly defined number of patients are diagnosed with CTEPH after pulmonary embolism. This review is a comprehensive summary of VTE-related chronic complications, their epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment.
PMID: 28762624 [PubMed - in process]