Long-Term Stroke Risk Prediction in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Comparison of the ABC-Stroke and CHA2DS2-VASc Scores.

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Long-Term Stroke Risk Prediction in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation: Comparison of the ABC-Stroke and CHA2DS2-VASc Scores.

J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Jul 20;6(7):

Authors: Rivera-Caravaca JM, Roldán V, Esteve-Pastor MA, Valdés M, Vicente V, Lip GYH, Marín F

Abstract
BACKGROUND: The ABC-stroke score (age, biomarkers [N-terminal fragment B-type natriuretic peptide, high-sensitivity troponin], and clinical history [prior stroke/transient ischemic attack]) was proposed to predict stroke in atrial fibrillation (AF). This score was derived/validated in 2 clinical trial cohorts in which patients with AF were highly selected and carefully followed-up. However, the median follow-up was 1.9 years in the trial cohort; therefore, its long-term predictive performance remains uncertain. This study aimed to compare the long-term predictive performances of the ABC-stroke and CHA2DS2-VASc (cardiac failure or dysfunction, hypertension, age ≥75 [doubled], diabetes mellitus, stroke [doubled]-vascular disease, age 65 to 74 years and sex category [female]) scores in a cohort of anticoagulated patients with AF.
METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited 1125 consecutive patients with AF who were stable on vitamin K antagonists and followed-up for a median of 6.5 years. ABC-stroke and CHA2DS2-VASc (cardiac failure or dysfunction, hypertension, age ≥75 [doubled], diabetes mellitus, stroke [doubled]-vascular disease, age 65 to 74 years and sex category [female]) scores were calculated and compared. Median CHA2DS2-VASc and ABC-stroke scores were 4 (interquartile range 3-5) and 9.1 (interquartile range 7.3-11.3), respectively. There were 114 ischemic strokes (1.55% per year) at 6.5 years. The C-index of ABC-stroke at 3.5 years was significantly higher than CHA2DS2-VASc (0.663 versus 0.600, P=0.046), but both C-indexes were nonsignificantly different at 6.5 years. Integrated discrimination improvement showed a small improvement (<2%) in sensitivity at 3.5 and 6.5 years with ABC-stroke. For ABC-stroke, net reclassification improvement was nonsignificantly different at 3.5 years, and showed a negative reclassification at 6.5 years compared with CHA2DS2-VASc. Decision curve analyses did not show a marked improvement in clinical usefulness of the ABC-stroke score over the CHA2DS2-VASc score.
CONCLUSIONS: In anticoagulated patients with AF followed-up over a long-term period, the novel ABC-stroke score does not offer significantly better predictive performance compared with the CHA2DS2-VASc score.

PMID: 28729407 [PubMed - in process]

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