Early in-hospital variation of red blood cell distribution width predicts mortality in patients with acute heart failure.
Int J Cardiol. 2017 May 06;:
Authors: Turcato G, Zorzi E, Prati D, Ricci G, Bonora A, Zannoni M, Maccagnani A, Salvagno GL, Sanchis-Gomar F, Cervellin G, Lippi G
BACKGROUND: Some studies showed that the value of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) at admission may predict clinical outcomes in patients with acutely decompensated heart failure (ADHF). Therefore, this study was planned to investigate whether in-hospital variations of RDW may also predict mortality in this condition.
METHODS: The final study population consisted of 588 patients admitted to the local Emergency Department (ED), who were hospitalized for ADHF. The RDW was measured at ED admission and after 48h and 96h of hospital stay. In-hospital variations from admission value, expressed as absolute variation (DeltaRDW) or percent variation (Delta%RDW), were then correlated with 30- and 60-day mortality.
RESULTS: Overall, 87 (14.8%) and 118 (20.1%) patients with ADHF died at 30 or 60days of follow-up. Delta%RDW after 96h of hospital stay independently predicted 30-day mortality (odds ratio, 1.12; 95% CI, 1.07-1.18). An increase >1% of Delta%RDW after 96h of hospital stay independently predicted both 30-day (odds ratio, 2.86; 95% CI, 1.67-4.97) and 60-day (odds ratio, 3.06; 95% CI, 1.89-4.96) mortality. A similar trend was observed for DeltaRDW, since an increase after 96h of hospital stay was associated with a nearly 4-fold higher 30-day mortality (odds ratio, 3.65; 95% CI, 2.02-6.15).
CONCLUSION: Despite it remains unclear whether RDW is a real risk factor or an epiphenomenon in ADHF, these results suggest that more aggressive management may be advisable in ADHF patients with increasing anisocytosis during the first days of hospitalization.
PMID: 28506551 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]