Burden of Adult Community-Acquired, Healthcare-Associated, Hospital-Acquired, and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia – New York City, 2010-2014.

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Burden of Adult Community-Acquired, Healthcare-Associated, Hospital-Acquired, and Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia - New York City, 2010-2014.

Chest. 2017 Apr 25;:

Authors: Corrado RE, Lee D, Lucero DE, Varma JK, Vora NM

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Although pneumonia is a leading cause of death in New York City (NYC), limited data exist about the settings in which pneumonia is acquired across NYC. Pneumonia acquired in community settings are more likely to be preventable with vaccines and treatable with first-line antibiotics than those acquired in non-community settings. Our objective was to estimate the burden of hospitalizations associated with community-acquired (CAP)-, healthcare-associated (HCAP)-, hospital-acquired (HAP)-, and ventilator-associated (VAP) pneumonia during 2010-2014.
METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of an all-payer reporting system of hospital discharges that included NYC residents aged ≥18 years. Pneumonia-associated hospitalizations were defined as any hospitalization that included a diagnostic code for pneumonia among any of the discharge diagnoses. Using published clinical guidelines, we classified hospitalizations into mutually exclusive categories of CAP, HCAP, HAP, and VAP and defined pneumonia acquired in the community setting as the combination of CAP and HCAP.
RESULTS: Of 4,614,108 hospitalizations during the reporting period, 283,927 (6.2%) involved pneumonia. Among pneumonia-associated hospitalizations, 154,158 (54.3%) were CAP, 85,656 (30.2%) HCAP, 39,712 (14.0%) HAP, and 4,401 (1.6%) VAP. Death during hospitalization occurred in 7.9% of CAP-associated hospitalizations, compared with 15.7% of HCAP-associated hospitalizations, 20.7% of HAP-associated hospitalizations, and 21.6% of VAP-associated hospitalizations.
CONCLUSIONS: Most pneumonia-associated hospitalizations in NYC involve pneumonias acquired in the community setting. Only 15.6% of pneumonia-associated hospitalizations were categorized as HAP or VAP, yet these pneumonias accounted for >25% of deaths from pneumonia-associated hospitalizations. Public health pneumonia prevention efforts need to target both community and hospital settings.

PMID: 28455128 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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