Effect of Transient and Sustained Acute Kidney Injury on Readmissions in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure.

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Effect of Transient and Sustained Acute Kidney Injury on Readmissions in Acute Decompensated Heart Failure.

Am J Cardiol. 2017 Mar 16;:

Authors: Freda BJ, Knee AB, Braden GL, Visintainer PF, Thakar CV

Abstract
Although acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in heart failure, yet the impact of the onset, timing, and duration of AKI on short-term outcomes is not well studied. AKI was defined as an increase in serum creatinine SCr of ≥0.3 mg/dl or 1.5 times relative to the admission and further categorized as transient AKI (T-AKI: SCr returning to within 10% of baseline); sustained AKI (S-AKI: those with at least 72 hours of hospital stay and did not meet T-AKI); and unknown duration AKI (U-AKI: those with less than 72 hours stay and did not meet T-AKI). Reference category was no AKI (stable or <0.3 mg/dl change in SCr). The main outcome was 30-day all-cause hospital readmission. Unadjusted and adjusted association between AKI category of interest and main outcome was represented as percent and relative risks with 95% CIs. Statistical significance was set at an alpha of 0.05. From the Cerner Health Facts sample, 14,017 of 22,059 available subjects met the eligibility criteria. Approximately, 19.2% of our sample met the primary outcome. Compared with no AKI (readmission rate of 17.7%; 95% CI 16.4% to 18.9%), the adjusted rate of readmission was highest in patients with S-AKI (22.8%, 95% CI 20.8% to 24.8%; p <0.001), followed by 20.2% (95% CI 17.5% to 22.8%; p = 0.05) in T-AKI patients. Compared with no AKI, the adjusted relative risk of 30-day readmission was 1.29 (95% CI 1.17 to 1.42), 1.14 (95% CI 1.00 to 1.31), and 1.12 (95% CI, 1.01 to 1.26) in S-AKI, T-AKI, and U-AKI, respectively. In conclusion, both sustained AKI and patients with transient elevation still remain at a higher risk of readmission within 30 days. Future studies should focus on examining process-of-care after discharge in patients with different patterns of AKI.

PMID: 28395891 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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