Single-Dose Dalbavancin: A Review in Acute Bacterial Skin and Skin Structure Infections.
Drugs. 2016 Dec 17;
Authors: Garnock-Jones KP
Intravenous dalbavancin (Dalvance(®), Xydalba(®)), first approved as a two-dose regimen for the treatment of acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI), has now been additionally approved as a single-dose regimen. This narrative review discusses the pharmacological properties of intravenous dalbavancin and its clinical efficacy and tolerability as a single-dose regimen in the treatment of adult patients with ABSSSI. Single-dose dalbavancin is an effective and generally well tolerated treatment option for adults with ABSSSI, with noninferior efficacy to the two-dose dalbavancin regimen with regard to early clinical response (at 48-72 h) and low rates of adverse events. Clinical success rates at days 14 and 28 also did not significantly differ between the single- and two-dose dalbavancin regimens; neither did clinical success rates at day 14 when analysed by baseline pathogen. It has a broad spectrum of activity against common ABSSSI-related pathogens, and a favourable pharmacokinetic profile allowing for the convenience of single-dose administration. Thus, dalbavancin presents a promising alternative to conventional antibacterials for the treatment of ABSSSI in adult patients.
PMID: 27988870 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]