Preventing Ventilator-Associated Infections.
Clin Chest Med. 2016 Dec;37(4):683-692
Authors: Mehta A, Bhagat R
Mechanical ventilator use is fraught with risk of complications. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a common complication that prolongs stays on the ventilator and increases mortality and costs. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommend the use of the term, ventilator-associated event. Prevention and/or interruption of cycle of inflammation, colonization of respiratory tract, and ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis are key to managing VAP. Modifying risk factors using a ventilator bundle is considered standard of care. The contentious factors and the lack of support for early tracheotomy, parenteral nutrition, and monitoring of gastric residuals are also addressed. Finally, the role of ventilator-associated tracheobronchitis in VAP is discussed.
PMID: 27842748 [PubMed - in process]