Prognostic Value of N-Terminal Pro-B-Type Natriuretic Peptide, Troponin-T, and Growth-Differentiation Factor 15 in Adult Congenital Heart Disease.
Circulation. 2016 Nov 3;:
Authors: Baggen VJ, van den Bosch A, Eindhoven JA, Schut AR, Cuypers JA, Witsenburg M, de Waart M, van Schaik RH, Zijlstra F, Boersma E, Roos-Hesselink JW
BACKGROUND: -The number of patients with adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) is rapidly increasing. In order to optimize patient management, there is a great need to accurately identify high-risk patients. Still, no biomarker has been firmly established as a clinically useful prognostic tool in this group. We studied the association of N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), high-sensitive troponin-T (hs-TnT) and growth-differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15) with cardiovascular events in ACHD.
METHODS: -Clinically stable patients with ACHD who routinely visited the outpatient clinic between April 2011 and April 2013 underwent clinical assessment, electrocardiography, echocardiography and biomarker measurement (NT-proBNP, hs-TnT and GDF-15) at the time of study inclusion. Patients were prospectively followed for the occurrence of cardiovascular events (death, heart failure, hospitalization, arrhythmia, thromboembolic events, and re-intervention). Survival curves were derived by the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression was performed to investigate the relation between biomarkers and events with adjustment for multiple clinical and echocardiographic variables.
RESULTS: -In total, 595 patients were included (median age 33 [IQR 25-41] years, 58% male, 90% New York Heart Association class I). Patients were followed during a median of 42 [IQR 37-46] months. Of the three evaluated biomarkers, NT-proBNP in the upper quartile (>33.3 pmol/L) was most strongly associated with cardiovascular events (n=165, adjusted HR=9.05 [3.24-25.3], P<0.001) and with death or heart failure (n=50, adjusted HR 16.0 [2.04-126], P<0.001). When NT-proBNP was analyzed as a continuous variable, similar findings were retrieved. The cumulative proportion of patients with death and heart failure was only 1% in the lowest two NT-proBNP quartiles. In patients with elevated NT-proBNP (>14 pmol/L), elevated hs-TnT (>14 ng/L) and elevated GDF-15 (>1109 ng/L) identified those patients at highest risk of cardiovascular events (log-rank P<0.0001).
CONCLUSIONS: -NT-proBNP provides prognostic information beyond a conventional risk marker model in patients with ACHD and can reliably exclude the risk of death and heart failure. Elevated levels of NT-proBNP, hs-TnT and GDF-15 identify patients at highest risk of cardiovascular events. These biomarkers therefore may play an important role in the monitoring and management of patients with ACHD.
PMID: 27832613 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]