Predictors of in-hospital mortality among cardiogenic shock patients. Prognostic and therapeutic implications.
Int J Cardiol. 2016 Dec 1;224:114-118
Authors: Li X, Sousa-Casasnovas I, Devesa C, Juárez M, Fernández-Avilés F, Martínez-Sellés M
BACKGROUND: Cardiogenic shock (CS) has a poor prognosis. The heterogeneity in the mortality through different subgroups suggests that some factors can be useful to perform risk stratification and guide management. We aimed to find predictors of in-hospital mortality in these patients.
METHODS: We analyzed all cases of cardiogenic shock due to medical conditions admitted in our intensive acute cardiovascular care unity from November 2010 till November 2015. Clinical, biochemical and hemodynamic variables were registered, as was the Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support (INTERMACS) profile at 24h of CS diagnosis. From a total of 281 patients, 28 died within the first 24h and were not included in the analysis.
RESULTS: A total of 253 patients survived the first 24h, mean age was 68.8±14.4years, and 174 (68.8%) were men. Etiologies: acute coronary syndrome 146 (57.7%), acute heart failure 60 (23.7%), arrhythmias 35 (13.8%), and others 12 (4.8%). A total of 91 patients (36.0%) died during hospitalization. We found the following independent predictors of in-hospital mortality: age (odds ratio [OR] 1.032, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.003-1.062), blood glucose (OR 1.004, 95% CI 1.001-1.008), heart rate (OR 1.014, 95% CI 1.001-1.028), and INTERMACS profile (OR 0.168, 95% CI 0.107-0.266).
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with CS the INTERMACS profile at 24h of diagnosis was associated with higher in-hospital mortality. This and other prognostic variables (age, blood glucose, and heart rate) may be useful for risk stratification and to select appropriate medical or invasive interventions.
PMID: 27648979 [PubMed - in process]