The Palliative Performance Scale Predicts Three- and Six-Month Survival in Older Adult Patients Admitted to the Hospital through the Emergency Department.
J Palliat Med. 2016 Sep 13;
Authors: Babcock M, Kuntz JG, Kowalsky D, Calitri N, Kenny AM
BACKGROUND: There is often little information on long-term prognosis available for Emergency Medicine physicians when decisions on admission, treatment, or consultations are being made for patients. There is a new focus to understand if palliative support should be offered in the emergency department (ED) and the Palliative Performance Scale (PPS), a screening tool used in other settings in palliative care, has been little used in the ED.
OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to assess the prognostic value of the PPS in predicting three- and six-month survival in patients admitted through the ED.
DESIGN: A prospective cohort study.
SETTING/SUBJECTS: We evaluated 123 patients over the age of 55 years admitted through the ED of a tertiary care hospital in New England in November and December of 2013.
MEASUREMENTS: Each patient's PPS score was evaluated initially in the ED, with follow-up assessments of PPS and survival at three and six months.
RESULTS: Baseline PPS for the 123 patients was 72 ± 22. Information on 72 subjects (58.5%) at three months was 60 assessed and 12 deaths. Information on 47 subjects (38.2%) at six months was 26 assessed and 21 deaths (nine further deaths from three months). There were no significant differences in the demographics or PPS score in those evaluated and those lost to follow-up at three or six months. Patients with an initial PPS score of 30 or less had 14% survival at six months.
CONCLUSION: In this small preliminary study, The PPS score may predict survival in patients admitted to the hospital through the ED. The ease of use holds promise that use of the PPS in the ED may help ED physicians predict survival and plan for better disposition, advocate for patient wishes, and initiate palliative care consultation.
PMID: 27623357 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]