The economic burden of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in community-onset pneumonia inpatients.
Am J Infect Control. 2016 Jul 27;
Authors: Uematsu H, Yamashita K, Kunisawa S, Fushimi K, Imanaka Y
BACKGROUND: The quantitative effect of multidrug-resistant bacterial infections on real-world health care resources is not clear. This study aimed to estimate the burden of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections in pneumonia inpatients in Japan.
METHODS: Using a nationwide administrative claims database, we analyzed pneumonia patients who had been hospitalized in 1,063 acute care hospitals. Patients who received anti-MRSA drugs were categorized into an anti-MRSA drug group, and the remaining patients comprised the control group. We estimated the burden of length of stay, in-hospital mortality, total antibiotic agent costs, and total hospitalization costs. Risk adjustments were conducted using propensity score matching.
RESULTS: The study sample comprised 634 patients administered anti-MRSA drugs and 87,427 control patients. In propensity score-matching analysis (1 to 1), the median length of stay, antibiotic costs, and hospitalization costs of the anti-MRSA drug group were significantly higher than those of the control group (21 days vs 14 days [P < .001], $756 vs $172 [P < .001] and $8,741 vs $5,063 [P < .001], respectively); the attributable excess of these indicators were 9.0 ± 1.6 days, $1,044 ± $101, and $5,548 ± $580, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings may serve as a reference to support further research on multidrug-resistant bacterial infections and eventually inform policy formulation.
PMID: 27475333 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]