Clinical and Echocardiographic Factors Associated With In-Hospital Mortality in Patients With Infective Endocarditis Affecting the Native Tricuspid Valve.
Am J Cardiol. 2016 Jun 14;
Authors: Mi MY, Nelson SB, Weiner RB
Infective endocarditis (IE) is a highly morbid disease, for which most outcomes data come from patients with left-sided valvular lesions. Echocardiographic findings such as vegetation size and prosthetic valve involvement have been identified as important predictors of mortality in left-sided IE, but predictors of outcomes in right-sided IE are less well characterized. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify clinical and echocardiographic findings predictive of mortality in tricuspid valve (TV) IE. We retrospectively reviewed all echocardiograms showing TV vegetations that were performed at the Massachusetts General Hospital from January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2013. We identified 105 patients who had echocardiographic evidence of TV vegetations and a definite clinical diagnosis of IE based on the modified Duke's criteria but did not have intracardiac device-associated vegetations. Of the 105 patients, 88 survived until discharge. Clinical and echocardiographic factors that positively correlated with in-hospital mortality included age (p = 0.002), immunosuppression status (p = 0.016), blood urea nitrogen level (p = 0.029), Candida causative organism (p = 0.025), left ventricular ejection fraction <40% (p = 0.027), right ventricular (RV) systolic dysfunction (p = 0.009), and estimated RV systolic pressure >40 mm Hg (p = 0.040). Of these factors, immunosuppression status, blood urea nitrogen level, and RV systolic dysfunction were independently associated with increased in-hospital mortality. In conclusion, RV systolic dysfunction may serve as an echocardiographic marker to aid clinicians in identifying high-risk patients with right-sided IE for more aggressive therapy.
PMID: 27392511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]