Clinical Outcomes of Acid Suppressive Therapy Use in Hematology/Oncology Patients at an Academic Medical Center.
Ann Pharmacother. 2016 Apr 18;
Authors: McCaleb RV, Gandhi AS, Clark SM, Clemmons AB
BACKGROUND: Acid suppressive therapy (AST)-namely, proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and histamine-2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs)-is routinely prescribed to hospitalized patients for stress ulcer prophylaxis (SUP).
OBJECTIVE: To identify the incidence of and indications for AST use in the hematology/oncology population as well as to identify the occurrence of the following PPI-associated adverse events: pneumonia andClostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD).
METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on adult hematology/oncology patients admitted to any oncology service for ≥48 hours from October 1, 2014, to December 31, 2014.
RESULTS: Of the 298 patients who met the inclusion criteria, 73% (n = 218) received an AST during admission. The most common indication for an AST was SUP (63%). The incidence of hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) was 10%, 0%, and 4% in patients who received a PPI, H2RA, and no AST, respectively (14/142 vs 0/70 vs 3/80; odds ratio [OR] for PPI vs no AST = 2.68; 95% CI = 0.75-9.63). The incidence of CDAD was 3%, 1.3%, and 1.2% in patients who received a PPI, H2RA, and no AST, respectively (4/142 vs 1/70 vs 1/80; OR for PPI vs H2RA = 1.92; 95% CI = 0.21-17.47).
CONCLUSION: This is the first study to describe the incidence of and indications for AST use in the hospitalized hematology/oncology population. There was a high occurrence of AST use, particularly PPIs, in these patients at our institution. Additionally, there was a trend toward an increased risk of HAP and CDAD in patients who received AST during admission.
PMID: 27091869 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]