Obesity paradox in advanced liver disease: Obesity is associated with lower mortality in hospitalized patients with cirrhosis.
Liver Int. 2016 Apr 2;
Authors: Karagozian R, Bhardwaj G, Wakefield D, Baffy G
AIMS: To investigate how obesity impacts inpatient mortality, length of stay (LOS), and costs in patients with cirrhosis.
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a growing epidemic associated with multiple comorbidities, increased morbidity, and a significant economic burden on healthcare. Despite the overall harmful impact of obesity, the 'obesity paradox' has been described as decreased mortality among obese vs. non-obese patients in various chronic medical conditions.
METHODS: Analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) for 2012, which contains data from 44 states and 4,378 hospitals. Data from all cases with primary, secondary or tertiary discharge diagnosis of cirrhosis identified by ICD-9 code 571.2, 571.5, 571.6 were included. Primary outcomes included inpatient mortality, LOS, and hospital charges. Obesity as a predictor of mortality was defined by a predetermined obesity comorbidity variable.
RESULTS: A total of 32,605 patients were included. Crude mortality was lower for obese cirrhotic patients (2.7% vs. 3.5%, p=0.02) than for non-obese cirrhotic patients. In contrast, median LOS was longer (4 vs. 3 days, p<0.001) and median hospital charges were higher for obese cirrhotic patients ($26,803 vs. $23,447, p<0.001) In multivariate logistic regression, obesity was associated with a lower risk of inpatient mortality (OR=0.73, 95%CI: 0.55-0.95, p=0.02).
CONCLUSIONS: In the acute care setting, obese patients with cirrhosis have lower mortality than non-obese patients with cirrhosis, longer hospitalizations, and higher healthcare cost, providing new evidence for the obesity paradox in cirrhosis. Obese cirrhotic patients are more likely to have enhanced nutritional reserve which may play a role in survival during acute illness. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
PMID: 27037497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]