Predictors of prolonged stay in patients with community-acquired pneumonia and complicated parapneumonic effusion.
Respirology. 2016 Jan;21(1):164-71
Authors: Kim J, Park JS, Cho YJ, Yoon HI, Lee JH, Lee CT, Lim HJ, Kim DK
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Development of CPE in CAP is associated with prolonged hospital stay and it may increase the morbidity and mortality. We aimed to identify microbiological and clinical factors that predicate a prolonged hospital admission in patients treated with a tube thoracostomy to control CPE.
METHODS: This retrospective cohort included patients with CPE requiring chest tube drainage in a tertiary referral Korean hospital from 1 January 2004 to 30 July 2012. After dichotomous grouping according to the mean duration of hospital stay, clinical, laboratory and microbiological parameters were compared.
RESULTS: The final analysis included 158 patients with CPE. The majority were male (130, 85.0%), and the mean age was 62.8 years. The mean duration of hospital stay was 17.7 (±10.2) days. The mean duration of chest tube drainage was 9.6 (±6.7) days. Streptococcus viridans (48.4%) was the most common pathogen. Intrapleural fibrinolysis was performed in 85 (53.8%); additional tube insertion was needed in 40 (25.3%) patients. In the multivariate analysis after adjusting for covariates, a prolonged hospital stay was associated with fever (aOR: 3.42, P = 0.02), lower PaO2 (aOR: 4.89, P = 0.007) and haemoglobin (aOR: 4.90, P = 0.003) levels, and an increased blood neutrophil fraction (aOR: 3.83, P = 0.01) on admission as well as the identification of microbes in CPE (aOR: 4.14, P = 0.03), and ineffective pleural drainage (aOR: 3.28, P = 0.03).
CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that physicians should note the clinical symptoms and laboratory findings of severe infection and effectiveness of pleural drainage to predicate which patients with a CAP needing thoracostomy for CPE will have a prolonged hospital stay.
PMID: 26510382 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]