Management of hypertension in hospitalized patients.
Hosp Pract (1995). 2015;43(2):101-6
Authors: Aung WM, Menon SV, Materson BJ
Elevated blood pressure (BP) is a common problem in patients hospitalized for reasons other than hypertension. Unexpected elevations commonly result in calls to physicians who too often prescribe medication to reduce the numbers without evaluating the patient or determining the cause of the elevation. This may result in unnecessary and sometimes harmful treatment. Such BP elevation has many potential causes. These include anxiety, post-operative salt and volume overload, failure to administer the patient's known antihypertensive medication, inability to give oral antihypertensive medication to patients who cannot take pills by mouth, incipient heart failure, previously unrecognized renal failure, obstructive uropathy and other causes. These must be identified and treated prior to addressing only the elevated BP numbers. We present an algorithm for evaluating hospitalized patients with elevated BP in order to assist physicians in identifying the true cause of the elevation, treating the identified cause, and giving appropriate drug treatment. We also note that this is a golden opportunity for communication with the outpatient providers who will follow the patient.
PMID: 25791845 [PubMed - in process]