From discharge to readmission: Understanding the process from the patient perspective.

Link to article at PubMed

From discharge to readmission: Understanding the process from the patient perspective.

J Hosp Med. 2016 Feb 19;

Authors: Howard-Anderson J, Busuttil A, Lonowski S, Vangala S, Afsar-Manesh N

BACKGROUND: Patient engagement is critical in delivering high-quality care. However, literature investigating patient perspectives on readmissions is lacking.
OBJECTIVES: To understand patients' beliefs and attitudes about 30-day readmissions and to elucidate areas for improvement aimed at reducing readmissions.
DESIGN: In person survey.
SETTING: Academic medical center and affiliated community hospital.
PATIENTS: Patients with 30-day readmissions to medicine and cardiology services.
MEASUREMENTS: Patient readiness, attitudes toward readmissions, discharge instructions, ambulatory resources, and follow-up care.
RESULTS: Of 479 eligible patients approached for interviews, 230 (48%) were interviewed. Of these, 28% reported not feeling ready for discharge, and this correlated with inadequate symptom resolution, poor pain control, and concerns about self-care. Sixty-five percent remembered reviewing discharge paperwork, but over 22% could not identify critical information on this paperwork. Eighty-five percent reported having a primary doctor; however, only 56% of patients who received a contact number on discharge called a physician before returning to the hospital. One-third of patients knew where to obtain same-day care outside of the emergency room. Lastly, patients reported feeling more relieved than burdened upon readmission (7.7 [standard deviation {SD} 2.8) vs 5.9 [SD 3.4]; P < 0.001, scale of 1-10).
CONCLUSIONS: By engaging readmitted patients we have illuminated areas for future interventions, including better symptom management and self-care planning before discharge, more clarity in discharge instructions, promoting awareness of outpatient resources, and improved alignment of patient and provider attitudes about readmissions. As the United States strives to reduce readmissions, attending to the patient perspective is critical in informing appropriate avenues for quality improvement. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2016;. © 2016 Society of Hospital Medicine.

PMID: 26895238 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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