Combination of Urinary Biomarkers Improves Early Detection of Acute Kidney Injury in Patients With Heart Failure.
Circ J. 2016 Feb 16;
Authors: Yang CH, Chang CH, Chen TH, Fan PC, Chang SW, Chen CC, Chu PH, Chen YT, Yang HY, Yang CW, Chen YC
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with morality and repeated hospitalization, and is frequently encountered in patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). However, few effective tools exist for early AKI identification and risk stratification.Methods and Results:This was a prospective observational study conducted in the coronary care unit (CCU) of a tertiary care university hospital. Patients with a diagnosis of ADHF and who were using diuretics were enrolled.Samples collected between December 2013 and February 2015 were tested for serum cystatin C (Cys-C), urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin, and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1). Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data were evaluated. A total of 103 adult patients with a mean age of 68 years were investigated. AKI was diagnosed in 49 patients (47.6%). For predicting intrinsic AKI on the first day of CCU admission, a combination of Cys-C and urine KIM-1 yielded an excellent area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.828, a sensitivity of 71.0%, and specificity of 43.0%, for an overall accuracy of 78%.
CONCLUSIONS: In this study, we found that combinations of the biomarker (Cys-C and KIM-1) were an effective clinical model for predicting AKI in patients with ADHF. The biomarker was also useful for differentiating subclinical AKI in patients with ADHF.
PMID: 26888148 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]