Discharge Education for Residents: A Study of Trainee Preparedness for Hospital Discharge.
WMJ. 2015 Oct;114(5):185-9
Authors: Carnahan JL, Fletcher KE
BACKGROUND: Safe hospital discharges have become a major focus in the national discussion on transitions of care and care coordination. Education on the hospital discharge process is evolving as the needs of trainees are better understood.
PURPOSE: This study is a cross-sectional survey of residents in a Midwestern residency program about their confidence in safely discharging patients from the hospital, including how they have or have not learned to do so.
METHODS: An anonymous paper questionnaire was distributed to a convenience sample of interns and residents at a weekly meeting of the residency program.
RESULTS: Most residents reported a general confidence in their abilities to safely discharge patients from the hospital; however, further probing revealed that their confidence breaks down when required to competently perform specific tasks of the discharge process such as activity restrictions or facilitation of home care. More than 50% of house staff surveyed responded that their education in many specific aspects of the discharge process are lacking.
CONCLUSION: Interdisciplinary care education, and the discharge summary in particular, warrant further scrutiny as a care transition tool and means of teaching safe hospital discharge to trainees. We present a questionnaire that may serve useful as an anonymous tool to gauge residents' educational needs.
PMID: 26726338 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]