Depressive symptoms are associated with higher rates of readmission or mortality after medical hospitalization: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
J Hosp Med. 2016 Jan 29;
Authors: Pederson JL, Warkentin LM, Majumdar SR, McAlister FA
Depressive symptoms during a medical hospitalization may be an overlooked prognostic factor for adverse events postdischarge. Our aim was to evaluate whether depressive symptoms predict 30-day readmission or death after medical hospitalization. We conducted a systematic review of studies that compared postdischarge outcomes by in-hospital depressive status. We assessed study quality and pooled published and unpublished data using random effects models. Overall, one-third of 6104 patients discharged from medical wards were depressed (interquartile range, 27%-40%). Compared to inpatients without depression, those discharged with depressive symptoms were more likely to be readmitted (20.4% vs 13.7%, risk ratio [RR]: 1.73, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.16-2.58) or die (2.8% vs 1.5%, RR: 2.13, 95% CI: 1.31-3.44) within 30 days. Depressive symptoms were common in medical inpatients and are associated with an increased risk of adverse events postdischarge. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2016. © 2016 The Authors Journal of Hospital Medicine published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of Society of Hospital Medicine.
PMID: 26824220 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]