Hypertensive Urgencies and Emergencies in the Hospital Setting.
Hosp Pract (1995). 2016 Jan 18;
Authors: Cooper CM, Fenves AZ
The prevalence of hypertension in the general population has steadily climbed over the past several decades and hypertension is a primary or secondary diagnosis in nearly a fourth of hospitalized adults. Hospitalization is often a time of pertubation in a patient's usual blood pressure control, with pain, anxiety and missed medications all risk factors for severe hypertension. Hospitalists are often faced with severe hypertension in a patient not previously known to them and this presents a challenge of how best to assess the clinical importance of blood pressure elevation. An additional challenge is the lack of literature to guide the optimal management of hypertension in inpatients. This review aims to describe the scope of the problem, to describe the near and long-term risks of overzealous blood pressure management, and to identify areas for future study.
PMID: 26781933 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]