Effects of a predictive preventive model for prevention of Clostridium difficile infection in patients in intensive care units.
Am J Infect Control. 2016 Jan 5;
Authors: Cruz-Betancourt A, Cooper CD, Sposato K, Milton H, Louzon P, Pepe J, Girgis R, Patel SV, Ibrahim D, Van Horn S, Hsu V
BACKGROUND: Health care-acquired Clostridium difficile infection (HACDI) is associated with adverse outcomes at both the organization and patient level. Factors that increase risk for development of HACDI have been identified. Objectives of this study were to develop a predictive screening tool to identify patients at risk for HACDI and implement a bundle of mitigation interventions.
METHODS: A predictive screening tool was developed based on risk factors identified in the literature and validated by retrospective analysis of all HACDI cases occurring in critically ill patients during 2013. The tool was used to screen all patients admitted to an intensive care unit. Evidence-based interventions (bundle) were implemented for patients identified as being at high risk for HACDI. Effectiveness of the model was measured by reduction of HACDI rate during the intervention period compared with the preintervention period.
RESULTS: During the 12-month intervention period 217 high-risk patients were identified as infected with Clostridium difficile. Sixty-two of these met exclusion criteria, resulting in a study population of 157 patients. During the preintervention phase, 10 cases of HACDI occurred (overall incidence rate, 14.7). During the 12-month study period, 2 cases of HACDI were identified (incidence rate, 3.12). The reduction was statistically significant.
CONCLUSION: A strategy for identifying patients at increased risk and implementation of multidisciplinary risk-mitigation strategies is effective in reducing incidence of HACDI.
PMID: 26775936 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]